International Women's Hospital

Obstetrics

The process by which a baby is delivered through the vaginal canal of the mother is generally called a natural birth. This is called a normal birth when the delivery occurs after 37 completed weeks, pains have started spontaneously, and healthy baby delivered without any intervention.

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During a vaginal delivery , in an eventuality when delivery needs to be expedited due to either medical problem of mother , distress to baby , prolonged labour or any reason where the mother is unable to push the baby out ,an instrument may need to be applied .This may be in form of a vacuum /suction mechanism which is attached to baby s head to help to pull it out or forceps which are like tongs that help hold the presenting part (part coming out from vagina first )either head or buttock and then pull the baby out.

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When the lady labours and delivers in a pool of water it is known as a water birth. the water has a regulated temperature that helps the lady relax. there is also evidence that says that women need /ask for much less pain killers when giving birth in water. The mother can directly hold the baby and also put the baby to breast immediately which leads to a better bond and skin to skin contact. Babies thus are less irritable and tend to maintain their body temperature better and also sleep better.

In another variant, the actual delivery happens on the labour bed but the mother uses the birth pool to reduce pain perception in labour.

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This is the name given to a vaginal birth when the epidural injection is used to affect pain relief during labour. this is an injection that is given in the spine (back )of the patient by a needle so that the nerves that carry pain sensation below the navel are blocked /numbed . This does not reduce the pains that cause /propel baby forward and labour progresses as usual. The pain however is not felt and this is called a painless labour

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A doula is a trained birth attendant who encourages, supports and guides a lady during the labour. Also she advices the lady on breathing technique to reduce pain, when to push and when to rest, etc. Doula supported births are found to be smoother with lesser rates of conversion to c section due to maternal request. Women tend to feel less pain and ask for less pain relief.

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With the advent of nuclear families, expectant mothers are left without anyone who can advise them in matters that are connected to pregnancy and child birth. We therefore, run classes for knowledge about all matters of pregnancy starting from early pregnancy to delivery and ending at post-natal period. We provide you with credible and correct information about how to tackle issues that arise in pregnancy and also how to recognise when things go wrong so that you can have timely care. We ensure that the expecting mother and family are prepared for the baby by providing them with holistic information on pregnancy, labour and delivery, pre-pregnancy counseling, prenatal yoga, breast feeding support and nutrition counseling.

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